The C4U Project

Advanced Carbon Capture for steel industries integrated in CCUS Clusters

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A holistic interdisciplinary approach to the integration of CO2 capture in the iron and steel industry as part of the CCUS chain

Funded by the European Union H2020 programme, the C4U project spans demonstration of two highly efficient solid based CO2 capture technologies for optimal integration into an iron and steel plant and detailed consideration of the safety, environmental, societal, policy and business aspects for successful incorporation into the North Sea Port CCUS industrial cluster in Belgium and the Netherlands.

Inside from steel plant

Technology Readiness

C4U elevates two CO2 capture technologies from TRL5 to TRL7 for decarbonising blast furnace gas and other carbon containing gases (WP1 & WP2). In combination, these two technologies will target up to 90% of the total emissions from the steel plant. In addition, C4U analyses the optimal design for full-scale integration of such technologies in industrial plants operated by the world’s largest iron and steel manufacturer, ArcelorMittal (WP3).

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The outside of a steel plant

Transportation, Storage and Utilization opportunities

Using a whole system approach, we account for the impact of the quality of the captured CO2 on the safety and operation of the CO2 pipeline transportation and storage infrastructure, based on integration into the North Sea Port CCUS industrial cluster (WP4).

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LCA

Economic impact & Life Cycle Assessment

We perform techno-economic and life cycle assessments across the entire CCUS chain (WP3 & WP4) based on the integration of our CO2 capture technologies into the ArcelorMittal steelworks located in the North Sea Port industrial cluster.

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Societal Readiness

Recognising that CCUS will not materialise in the EU without overcoming social-economic barriers, we explore societal readiness through research and engagement with the variety of relevant end-users, local stakeholders and policy makers (WP5).

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Business Models

Given that the greatest barriers to the development of CCUS in Europe are commercial, rather than technological issues, we develop novel business models to ease deployment (WP6). They aim to establish the long-term business case by considering the concerns of various stakeholders and identifying optimal scenarios to overcome financial risks.

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The Latest

C4U demonstration

C4U achieves first demonstration by reheating steel products with STEPWISE carbon-free hydrogen

As part of the C4U project, the use of carbon-free hydrogen to reheat metal samples has been demonstrated for the first time.

Lab-scale experimental demonstration of Casingle bondCu chemical looping for hydrogen production and in-situ CO2 capture from a steel-mill

New paper on hydrogen production and on-site carbon capture from a steel mill

This paper summarises lab findings on decarbonizing mixtures of inlet gases to simulate the composition of blast furnace gases from steel production and convert them into hydrogen-rich streams.

C4U meeting in Lulea

C4U consortium holds first in-person General Assembly in Sweden

Hosted by Swerim in Luleå in Sweden, our consortium had the first chance to connect in person.

Project Partners

UCL

SWERIM

Radboud University

CSIC
AccelorMittal
Kisuma
University of Manchester
Politecnico di Milano
TNO
Element Energy
Canmet Energy
BGR
Dalian University
Ineris
CEPS
wood
Carmeuse

Johnson Matthey
University of Sheffield