Coordinated by University College London (UCL), the C4U project brings together an interdisciplinary consortium spanning across 8 European countries, along with Mission Innovation Countries Canada and China. With a total funding of 13.84 m Euro including an additional 0.25 m Euro from China, the consortium includes industrial end users and suppliers, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), technology developers, researchers, social scientists, policy experts and business specialists. This unique combination ensures the comprehensive approach to the challenges, scope, expected impact and the successful delivery of the project.
University College London (UCL) is London’s leading multidisciplinary university, with more than 13,000 staff and 38,000 students from 150 different countries spanning 50 departments and institutes. UCL has been consistently ranked amongst the top 10 universities in the world, with 29 Nobel prize winners amongst its alumni. Research conducted at the Chemical Engineering department covers a broad range of scales from the molecular to the complex systems level, providing pioneering solutions to Grand Challenges such as energy, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, materials, sustainable manufacturing, health and environment. UCL has extensive experience in managing European Commission projects and has been involved with over 400 Horizon 2020 collaborative research projects.
Swerim is a leading industrial research institute within mining engineering, process metallurgy, materials, manufacturing engineering and applications. Swerim’s strength is in applied research for resource-efficient and sustainable industry, whereby the company has solid knowledge and experience when it comes to applying research results in practical industrial applications. Swerim’s facilities include laborartories in Luleå and Stockholm, offering testbeds and demonstrators; a linux cluster offering high computation capacity with short simulation times; measurement technology to help customer understand process; as well as adpting pilot-plant facilities to match customer-specific conditions as a transferable scale.
Radboud University (RU) in Nijmegen is a research university with eight faculties and close to 20,000 students. One of its distinguishing features is its emphasis on interdisciplinarity. The Department of Environmental Science excels in quantitative and multidisciplinary research in environmental issues, and one of the focal areas of the Department is energy and climate change. The Department excels at innovative work on life-cycle assessment and novel perspectives and social science research in the field of technology assessment of deep emission reductions in energy-intensive industry, including through CCS, and is proficient in interaction with policymakers as evidenced by several projects, including CARISMA and the ERA-net ACT Acorn projects.
The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) is Spain’s largest public research institution, and ranks third among Europe’s largest research organizations. The CSIC is attached to the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities with 4 main missions: To foster multidisciplinary scientific and technological research; knowledge transfer to industry and society; education and training of scientific and technical staff; creation of Technology Based Companies. CSIC is a major player in the development of the European research area and therefore a significant contributor to the European integration process. INCAR-CSIC (Oviedo) and ICB-CSIC (Zaragoza) are participating in the C4U project. The “CO2 capture group” of CSIC, led by Prof Carlos Abanades, is a world leading group in the development and demonstration of Calcium Looping technologies in terms of publication impact and project ambition.
ArcelorMittal Innovación Investigación e Inversion S.L. The ArcelorMittal group is the world’s leading steel and mining company, with around 232,000 employees in more than 60 countries. ArcelorMittal is the leader in all major global steel markets, including automotive, construction, household appliances and packaging, with leading R&D and technology, as well as sizeable captive supplies of raw materials and outstanding distribution networks. An industrial presence in 20 countries exposes the company to all major markets, from emerging to mature.
ArcelorMittal Belgium (AM) comprises 5 different sites with 15,000 employees in total. Its Belgium facilities encompass flat carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Distribution Solutions operations, as well as state-of-the-art research centres, in Gent and Liège. The shipments from its 5 facilities (Gent, Genk, Geel, Liège, Châtelet and Industeel – Charleroi) total more than 12 million tons per year. ArcelorMittal is committed, as a responsible energy user, to help create a lower carbon future. ArcelorMittal is developing a low-carbon technology strategy for reducing our carbon emissions per tonne of steel working in different axes, which include reducing carbon emissions in steel production, reusing gas produced or recycling/capturing it.
ArcelorMittal Asturias (AMA) is a company that belongs to ArcelorMittal Group. Its R&D Centre includes a dedicated team working on the optimization of a sustainable steel production from the energy point of view. The range of its customers includes every production step, whom they work with closely. The energy department works transversally not only to different production processes but also to all the plants of the Group ensuring dissemination of valuable outputs of the projects and implementation of results.
The University of Manchester
The University of Manchester (UM) is the largest university by student enrolment number in the United Kingdom (~40,000 students) and is one of the world’s top 50 universities. UM is currently participating in >110 H2020 projects, including 25+ Marie Sklodowksa Curie Individual Fellowships. The Department of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science is the largest of its kind by student numbers and it has more than 50 faculty members. It has been confirmed as one of the research power houses in chemical engineering in the UK during the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) with 90% of its output recognized as world-leading (30%) or internationally excellent (60%). The Department of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science (CEAS) has a long track record in National and international research project. This includes four Marie Curie-ITN projects, including three European Training Networks (PIPPI, MULTIMAT and CORE) and one European Industrial Doctorates (SUSTICOAT).
Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) is a public technical university established in 1863, organised in 12 departments and a network of 6 Schools of Engineering, Architecture and Industrial Design. The number of students enrolled in all campuses is approximately 40,000, which makes the Politecnico di Milano the largest Engineering School in Italy. The research activity pursued at the Department of Energy span a wide range of thermo-fluid-dynamic and chemical processes required to convert primary energy sources (including fossil, renewable and wastes) into useful forms of energy (electricity, heat, synthetic fuels) in stationary and mobile plants. The support for the C4U project is granted mainly by the Group of Energy Conversion Systems (GECOS) which mainly investigates advanced power generation technologies, either by using clean fuels or by applying advanced clean technologies to dirty fuels, with a particular focus to carbon capture techniques, integrated in plants for the production of power and/or hydrogen. GECOS is currently involved in many EU projects on CO2 capture: STEPWISE, FRESME, CEMCAP, FLEXICAL, ASCENT.
TNO is the Dutch Organization for Applied Scientific Research and is The Netherlands’ largest knowledge organization, with approximately 5000 employees, servicing companies, government bodies and public organizations. ECN part of TNO (TNO) is a newly formed business unit within the overall TNO organisation and is one of the leading institutes in Europe concerning applied energy research and employs about 750 research staff. The mission is to contribute to a future sustainable energy system by performing research and technology development and bringing it to implementation. In the Roadmap Towards CO2 neutral fuels and feedstock, TNO develops and implements technology to replace oil, coal, and gas by biomass as fuel, for heavy road transport, shipping and aviation, for the greening of our gas grid and as back-up fuel, but also as raw material, for example in the chemical industry.
Within ECN part of TNO, the Biomass and Energy Efficiency (BEE) develops advanced uses of biomass and processing technology, and consults on policy development and technical applications. The unit occupies a leadership position with respect to the SEWGS technology, through several patents, projects and development infrastructure.
Element Energy (EE) is one of the UK’s leading low carbon energy consultancies, whose work focuses on measures that can reduce carbon emissions in the industry, power, heat and transport sectors. Element Energy unites strategic consultancy and engineering work in a single company. The team at Element Energy have a strong industrial track record of deploying low carbon and renewable energy technologies and understanding the practical issues that they face. Through over fifteen years of work in the low-carbon energy sector, Element Energy has particular expertise in the core area of focus for this project. Element energy have led very similar successful projects on industrial carbon capture risks and business models for the IEA, IEAGHG, the UK government and OGCI. Element energy also brings deep technical and commercial understanding of the industrial emitters and capture technologies, hydrogen production, power CCUS, BECCS, transport and storage infrastructure and CO2 utilisation including CO2-enhanced oil recovery.
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) is the central geoscientific authority providing advice to the German Federal Government in all geo-relevant questions. It is subordinate to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). BGR is committed to the sustainable use of natural resources and promotes the safety of human habitat. Due to its responsibility as an advisory, BGR’s field of expertise is quite diverse, covering among other topics the use of the subsurface, earthquakes, georisk assessment, energy resources, disposal of radioactive waste, geodata management, and groundwater (www.bgr.bund.de/EN/Home). BGR conducts intensive dialogue and cooperative exchange on the national level (with all German Geological Surveys, universities, and geoscience institutes) as well as Geological Surveys worldwide. Further fruitful collaborations on an international basis include European partner organisations, recent involvements including: CO2GEONET (European Network of Excellence on Geological Storage of CO2), GeoERA (European Geological Surveys Research Area to deliver a Geological Service for Europe), CO2QUEST (Impact of the Quality of CO2 on Storage and Transport). In 2019, more than 750 persons were employed at BGR, including PhD students.
Founded in 1990, the French Institute for Industrial Environment and Risks (INERIS) is a public research body with an industrial and commercial character, under the supervision of the French Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development. The main role of INERIS is to assess and avert accidental and chronic risks to both people and the environment from industrial installations, chemical substances and underground operations. Hence the Institute runs a number of real-scale experimental facilities, and is equipped with physico-chemical analysis laboratories, and testing plus computing facilities that rank among the best in France. INERIS is involved in CCS industrial projects and is a leader in France concerning both the safety of pipe transport and the study of CO2 sequestration within coal. INERIS is leading a specific national expert group devoted to the fate of impurities in CO2 streams and their possible impacts.
Founded in Brussels in 1983, the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) is one of the leading European think tanks, constantly ranked among the top ten non-US think tanks, focusing on EU affairs. Over the years, CEPS has amply demonstrated its ability to anticipate trends and to analyse policy questions well before they become topics of general discussion. CEPS is actively involved in research and consultancy work in a variety of fields and themes of interest for the EU, better regulation, research and innovation policy and energy and climate policy. In the context of this assignment, CEPS will rely on its experience and track record in the fields of climate change, resources and energy policy. Research and consultancy projects on energy are carried out by the CEPS Energy Climate House, whose main expertise includes international and EU climate change policy, resources and circular economy policy (global value chains), clean energy transition, renewable energy technologies and industry sector, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, carbon markets, energy-intensive industries, the decarbonisation of EU energy and transport systems (especially energy and resource efficiency and renewable energy sources), energy security of supply and its interaction with climate change policies, the integration and liberalisation of the EU electricity and gas markets, external energy and trade policies, and the financial impacts of climate change
Amec Foster Wheeler Italiana (Wood) is one of the major Italian engineering and contracting companies offering its clients advanced design and engineering technologies, modern project management techniques and an intimate knowledge of world markets. The approximately 800 technical staff and supporting office personnel are headquartered in a complex located in Corsico (Milan, Italy). Amec Foster Wheeler Italiana is part of Wood, a multinational consultancy, engineering and project management company. Wood is a global leader in the delivery of project, engineering and technical services to energy and industrial markets. Wood operate in more than 60 countries, employing around 60,000 people, with revenues of around $11 billion. The department engaged in this project is the Process Technology & Consulting group, with a deep expertise in delivering services to industrial markets (e.g. upstream, midstream, and downstream oil & gas, chemicals, power & process, and clean energy). Members of Process Technology & Consulting group worked with a large number of renowned international companies and organizations.
The Carmeuse Group (about 4000 employees) is a leading global producer of lime, with 150 years of experience in the extraction and processing of high calcium limestone and dolomite into lime and lime-related products for industrial and commercial customers (steel production, masonry, mortars and building materials, road construction, glass production, agro-food, paper, chemicals, plastics, carpets, paints, pollution and gas control, water treatment, etc.). Headquartered in Luxemburg, Carmeuse presently conducts operations and/or offices in more than 90 locations situated across Europe, Turkey, North and South America, Middle East & Asia and Africa. Carmeuse R&T is the Research and Development Centre of Carmeuse Group. The R&T Department of Carmeuse plays an active part in the development of the product functionalities as well as in the control of the production process and related equipment’s.
Climate Strategies (CS) is an international, not-for-profit research network that aims to improve climate policy through meaningful interactions between decision-makers and climate researchers across Europe and internationally. With a membership composed of more than 90 renowned researchers and practitioners from all over the world, we Inspire: Incubate ideas and develop climate policy research proposals; Engage: Organise consultations and facilitate dialogue among researchers and climate policy-makers; Convene: Initiate, plan and organise multi-disciplinary events; Translate: Publish climate policy research in accessible formats in order to inform relevant audiences. Climate Strategies has an extensive experience as a gatherer of knowledge in climate change and in linking the spheres of research and policy-making, bringing impactful research to policy-makers and policy influencers. CS also works in delivering scientifically robust insights into up-and-coming issues (e.g. 1.5 pathways, just transition, trade and climate). CS also has strong experience in leading stakeholder engagement WPs for other European Commission funded projects, including COP21 RIPPLES.
Johnson Matthey (JM) is a British multinational speciality chemicals and sustainable technologies company headquartered in the United Kingdom. Today, the company has market capitalisation of over £6 billion with 12,000 employees operating in more than 30 countries. As a global leader in sustainable technologies, JM apply cutting-edge science to create solutions with their customers that make a real difference to the world around us. JM have been leaders in the field for more than 200 years, applying unrivalled scientific expertise to enable cleaner air, improved health and the more efficient use of our planet’s natural resources. Johnson Matthey focuses on clean air, clean energy and low carbon technologies and are experts in the application and recycling of natural resources. JM catalytic process technology and our expertise in automotive and stationary emission control technologies strongly overlaps with C4U’s vision.
The University of Sheffield
The University of Sheffield (UoS) is a major UK research university situated in the heart of Great Britain. Established in 1905, it is a founding member of the Russell group of research intensive universities with an annual income of over €650m and over 1300 academic staff. It is a world top 100 University (QS rankings. In the 2014 the UK Research Excellence Framework exercise, 99% of research at Sheffield was rated internationally recognised or better, with 33% identified as world leading. The Faculty of Engineering at Sheffield is one of the top two faculties in terms of research funding and is the home of the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, which leads underpinning research on all aspects of CCS. The work will be undertaken by the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering which was recognised as number one in the UK for research environment and top five in the UK for chemical engineering output. The department has a long track record and extensive experience in the development of low carbon technologies and in particular carbon capture, with both storage and utilisation.
Kisuma Chemicals BV (KISUMA) was incorporated on December 1997 for the purpose of manufacture, process, distribute, export and import of industrial chemicals, quasi drugs, reagents, cosmetics and other industrial chemicals. Kisuma Chemicals is through the holding company Kisuma Euro BV a wholly owned subsidiary of Kyowa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Kagawa Japan (Kyowa), responsible for the manufacturing, marketing and trading of special magnesium compounds. In 1970, Kyowa Chemical Industry, was the first company in the world to industrially synthesize hydrotalcite-like materials. Today, the Kyowa Group is the largest manufacturer of hydrotalcite-like materials in the world. Kisuma Chemicals operates the largest single manufacturing facility for these compounds in Veendam, the Netherlands. Kisuma Chemicals can build on the unique experience of its Group in developing Hydrotalcite-like materials and derivatives thereof, since the 1970. Since 2011, Kisuma Chemicals provided sorbents for several related projects preceding C4U.
Dalian University of Technology (DUT) is a National Key University under the direct leadership of the Chinese Ministry of Education. It was established originally as the School of Engineering of Dalian University in April 1949. DUT has three campuses (Lingshui, Development Zone and Panjin) in two cities (Dalian and Panjin). DUT has now over 34,700 full-time students, including over 3,700 PhD students, 9,600 Master students, 20,700 undergraduates and more than 700 international students. DUT Chemical Engineering department had been involved in the EU FP7 projects; CO2PipeHaz and CO2QUEST with the important role of constructing the world’ first and largest fully instrumented CO2 pipeline test facility for conducting highly challenging pipeline release experiments. The DUT team in the EU project has since been actively involved in the construction of more than 50 CO2 capture and purification facilities in China with a CO2 production from 10,000 to 150,000 tons/year, including industrial grade (99.5%), food grade (99.9%) and ultrahigh purity (99.9999%) grade CO2.