A new C4U paper explores just transition aspects of various technologies to reduce emissions from steel-making.

A rapid transition towards a CO2-neutral steel industry is required to limit climate change. Such a transition raises questions of justice, as it entails positive and negative impacts unevenly distributed across societal stakeholders. To enable stakeholders to address such concerns, the paper assesses the justice implications of three options that reduce emissions: CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on steel (up to 70%), bio-based steelmaking (up to 50%), and green hydrogen-based steel production (up to 100%).

Authors: Floris Swennenhuis, Vincent de Gooyert, Heleen de Coninck